Bachelor of Science, Georgia State University, 1969. Master of Science, Tulane University, 1970. Doctor of Philosophy, University Georgia, 1980.
Laboratory aide Georgia State Public Health Department, Atlanta, 1961-1962. Laboratory director Atlanta Diagnostic Laboratory, Decatur, 1970-1971. Laboratory technologist Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, 1962-1969, technologist, 1971-1980, research biologist, 1980-1982, research microbiologist, since 1982.
Consultant Consults, Inc., Lawrenceville, Georgia, since 1986.
Member Sigma Xi.