Student, National College, Hyderabad, Sind. Student, Government Law College, Bombay.
With Rashtriya Swayam Sevak Sangh social work organization, New Delhi, 1942, secretary Karachi branch, 1947. With Bharatiya Jana Sangh, 1951. Party worker Rajasthan, 1951-1958.
Secretary Delhi (India) State Jana Sangh, 1958-1963, vice president, 1965-1967, member central executive committee, 1966. Organizer joint edition of Bharatiya Jana Sangh paper New Delhi, 1960-1967. Interim member Metropolitan Council, 1966.
Leader Jana Sangh Group, 1966. Chairman Metropolitan Council, 1967. Member Rajya Sabha, New Delhi, since 1970.
Head Jana Sangh parliamentary group, 1970. President Bharatiya Jana Sangh (incorporated in Janata), 1973-1977. Prisoner, 1975-1977; general secretary Janata party, New Delhi, 1977.
Minister information and broadcasting, 1977-1979. General secretary Bharatiya Janata party, 1980-1986, president, since 1986. Minister home affairs Government of India, 1998—2004, minister coal and mines, 2002, deputy prime minister, 2002—2004, minister personnel, pensions and public grievances, 2003—2004.
Married Kamala Jagtiani, 1965. 2 children.