Bachelor, Earlham College, 1952; Master of Arts, Cornell Univercity, 1954; Doctor of Philosophy, Claremont Graduate School, 1963.
Instructor in English, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio., 1954-1957; instructor in English, Harvey Mudd College, Claremont, California, 1958-1959; instructor humanities, Scripps College, Claremont, California, 1959-1960; instructor, professor, Claremont McKenna College, 1960-1994; professor emeritus, Claremont McKenna College, 1994; member graduate faculty, Claremont Graduate School, since 1965. Part-time lecturer California State University, Los Angeles, 1968-1970. Visiting professor Carleton College, 1987.
Board of directors Claremont Civic Association, 1964-1966. Member founding committee Quaker Studies in Human Betterment, Greensboro, North Carolina, 1987. Member American Association of University Professors, Modern Language Association, Friends Association Higher Education, David Herbert Lawrence Society (Executive Board 1990), Virginia Woolf Society, College English Association, Science Fiction Research Association Beta Kappa.
Married Aimee Desiree Wildman, June 9, 1952. 1 child, Anita.