Bachelor, Taiwan University, Taipei, 1961. Master of Arts, Harvard University, 1964. Doctor of Philosophy, Harvard University, 1970.
Instructor Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, 1968-1970. Lecturer Chinese University, Hong Kong, 1970-1971. Assistant professor Princeton (New Jersey) University, 1972-1976.
Associate professor Indiana University, Bloomington, 1976-1982. Professor University Chicago, 1982-1990, University of California at Los Angeles, 1990-1994, Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts, since 1994.
Member Association for Asian Studies (board directors 1977-1979).