Graduate R. Frederic’s U., Christiania, 1875 (Candidate Juris). Doctor Philosophy, honorary causa, same university, 1930.
Came to the United States, 1881. On a natural history expedition to Bering Island and Kamchatka, 1882-1883, collecting for United States National Museum, assistant curator of birds, 1884-1889, curator reptiles since 1889, head curator of biology since June 1, 1911. Revisited Commander Islands, 1895, for Fish Commission to study fur-seal question, 1896-1897, as member United States Fur Seal Commission, and again in 1922 for Department of Commerce.
Delaware from Smithsonian Institution to Zoöl. Congress 7 times, 1901-1935, to International Ornithologists Congress, 1905. Studied museum administration and finances in Europe, 1901, 04, 05, 13.
Life member Bergen Museum. Member National Academy Sciences, Acads. Sciences, Christiania and Washington.
Fellow American Ornithologists Union, American Association for the Advancement of Science. Foreign member Zoöl. Society, London, Ornithological Society Bavaria, Academy Natural Sciences Philadelphia. Member Biological Society Washington (president 1907, 08), American Society Ichthyol. and Herpetol.
(ex-president), Committee on Nomenclature and of Permanent Committee of International Zoöl. Congress, Association American Geographers, Sigma Xi. Honorary member California Academy Sciences, British Ornithological Union, American Society of Mammalogists, German Ornithological Society.
Author: Norsk Ornitologisk Ekskursjonsfauna, 1873. Norsk Mastozoologisk Ekskursjonsfauna, 1874. Results of Ornithological Explorations in the Commander Islands and in Kamchatka, 1885.Standard Natural History, Vol. IV, Birds (greater part), 1885. Report of the Rookeries of the Commander Islands, Season of 1897, 1897.The Asiatic Fur-Seal Islands and Fur-Seal Industry, 1898. The Relations of Norway and Sweden, 1900. The Herpetology of Porto Rico, 1904.The Herpetology of Japan and Adjacent Territory, 1907. The Origin of the So-called Atlantic Animals and Plants of Western Norway, 1907. Georg Wilhelm Steller, pioneer of Alaskan Natural History, 1936, also many monographs and contributions on zoöl. subjects.
Member of National Academy, of Sciences. Zoological Society, London. Philadelphia Academy National Sciences.
Spouse Marie Reiners, March 1892, Washington, D.