Doctor of Medicine in clinical & experimental hematology, University Milan, 1976.
Postdoctoral fellow, fogarty fellow National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, 1978—1982, research assistant, fogarty, 1988. Research assistant National Research Center, University Milan, 1982—1984. Vice director, experimental oncology Aviano Oncology Center, Italy, 1985—1987.
Associate professor medicine University Pisa, Italy, 1987—2004, professor medicine, since 2005, president, since 2007, director, retrovirus center, since 2008. Director, virology division Cisanello Hospital, Pisa, since 2005. Consultant, European community Influenza Program, Project Review, Brussels, since 2007.
Science advisor, program director Noi Per L'africa - Onlus, Pisa, 1985.
Married Maria Scardina, October 9, 2002. Children: Lavinia, Lucrezia.