Diogo studied economics at Maputo"s Eduardo Mondlane University. She graduated with a bachelor"s degree in 1983.
She replaced Pascoal Mocumbi, who had been Prime Minister for the previous nine years. Before becoming Prime Minister, she was Minister of Planning and Finance, and she continued to hold that post until February 2005. She was the first female Prime Minister of Mozambique.
Diogo represents the party FRELIMO, which has ruled the country since independence in 1975.
She went on to obtain a master"s degree in financial economics at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London in 1992. In 1980, she began working in Mozambique"s Finance Ministry.
She became a department"s head in 1986 and in 1989 became national budget director Then she worked for the World Bank as program officer in Mozambique.
In 1994 she joined the FRELIMO government as Deputy Minister of Finance.
In September 2005, she was the international guest speaker at the British Labour Party Conference. Diogo has urged the African health ministers to offer reproductive and sexual health services free of charge throughout the continent. These services could reduce infant mortality by two thirds, reduce maternal mortality by three quarters, reverse the spread of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, and promote gender equality and the empowerment of women.
Diogo lately has focused on gender equality and women"s empowerment through a recently launched "Network of Women Ministers and Parliamentarians" (MUNIPA).
The MUNIPA network aims to strengthen advocacy and lobbying activities so that policies and legislation are adopted favourable to gender equity and women"s empowerment. Promoting equality between men and women is a central concern of the Mozambican government, which has been adopting instruments to promote women"s empowerment at all levels.
Council of Women World Leaders]
Diogo is a member of the Council of Women World Leaders, an international network of current and former women presidents and prime ministers whose mission is to mobilize the highest-level women leaders globally for collective action on issues of critical importance to women and equitable development.