His early education took place in Gorakhpur, and he went to Allahbad University for higher education. He earned his Master of Arts in English from Agra University and thereafter earned an Master of Arts in Urdu from the University of Calcutta.
Firaq himself recalls, "Majnun Gorakhpuri came to Allahabad those days and got admitted to a college. He was staying with me and his company dispelled my loneliness a little". He added: "In those days I used to spend a good deal of my time in the company of Majnun Gorakhpuri and Munshi Premchand.
Their company helped to awaken my poetic instincts and kindle my thoughts" Here he became associated with the Progressive Writers Movement since its inception.
He taught at different colleges and universities throughout his life including Aligarh Muslim University, Gorakhpur University and the University of Karachi. He taught in the Department of Urdu at Aligarh Muslim University.
He migrated to Pakistan in late 1960s and went on to live in Karachi and taught at Karachi University till his last years of life. Besides his collection of short stories and 35 books on Urdu literature, Gorakhpuri left a score of forewords and critical analyses as his legacy.
Literary Criticism Adab aur zindagi: Majnun Gorakhpuri ki chand tanqidat ka majmu"ah, tarmim-o-izafah ke sath (1944) Iqbal: Ijmali tabsirah (1945) Tanqidi hashi"e: Tanqidi mazamin ka majmu"ah (1945) Nuqūsh-O-Afkār (1955) Sher Aur Ghaazal (1962) Adab Aur Zindagī.
Majnoon, Ahmad Siddiq (1964) Ghazal Sara (1964) Ghālib: Shakhs Aur Shāir, (Karāchī: Maktabah-i Arbāb-i Qalam, 1974) Armaghān-I-Majnūn (1980, 1984). Jamaliat (aesthetics) Masnavi-i-Zahr-i ishq, Mirza Shauq: tabsire by Majnun Gorakhpuri and Mohsin Faruqi. (digar rumani dastanen, Mohsin Faruqi tazkirah va tanqid) Criticism and interpretation on Zahr-i-ishq, poetical work written in 1855 by Mirzā Shauq.
Includes criticism on different folk tales by Mohsin Fārūqī.
Pardesi ke Khutut Collections of Short stories Khvab-o-khayal aur dusare afsane (1943) Saman posh aur dusre afsane, jin ka ta"alluq ruhaniyat se hai (1971) Translations: King Lear by William Shakespeare (Urdu) Shamshoun Mubariz (Samson Agonistes by John Milton) He also edited "Aivan" literary journal/magazine from Gorakhpur 1931-1935. Majnoon Gorakhpuri-and Art by Abdul Sattar Niazi Armughan-East-Majnoon Volume(s) I (Majnoon Academy Karachi) Armughan-East-Majnoon Volume(s) II (Majnoon Academy Karachi).