Bachelor of Science, University Wisconsin, Madison, 1940. Master of Arts, Columbia University, New York City, 1945. Doctor of Philosophy, Columbia University, New York City, 1951.
Student, New School Social Research, New York City, 1942.
Display artist and designer, free lance artist, 1939-1941; fellow, assistant instructor painting, New School Social Research, 1940-1941; high school teacher, 1944-1949; art supervisor, Manhasset public schools, 1945; part-time instructor, Adelphi College, 1947; department chairman fine arts, Hofstra College, 1949-1974; professor fine arts, Hofstra College, 1954-1974; chairman division humanities, Hofstra College, 1959-1974; coordinator arts, Hofstra College, 1961-1974; director, Institute Arts, 1962-1974; art critic, Newsday, 1968-1986; art critic, Boston Herald Traveler, 1970-1972.
Served as Second lieutenant Field Artillery Army of the United States, World World War World War II.
Married Mary Alice Bales, November 27, 1942. Children: Jennifer, Amanda.