Doctor of Medicine, University Florence, 1980. Doctor of Philosophy in Molecular Biology, University Florence, 1987. Specialist in Radiology, University Siena, Italy, 1996.
Intern, Florence General Hospital, 1980-1981; scientist, Burroughs Wellcome Company, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, 1984-1987; scientist, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland., 1987-1989; research leader, Sigma Pharmaceutical, Milan, 1989-1991; professor molecular biology, U. Florence, since 1992. Director Studio Radiologico, Ruggiero, Studio Radiologico Pratese.
Lieutenant Italian Army, 1982-1983.
Married Mirella Spadon, June 9, 1986 (divorced February 1996). Children: Carolina Kumiko, Filippo. Married Stefania Pacini, January 1, 1997.