She originally studied what would now be called "home economics" at a French boarding school in Weesp. Later, she studied painting with Petrus Kiers.
But, as was common for upper-class young ladies at the time, she also received drawing lessons, from Christiaan Andriessen. She worked there until 1853, when she moved to Oosterbeek and joined a group of painters known as the Hollandse Barbizon. Seven years later, they built a home known as the "Villa Grada", where they gave drawing and painting lessons.
Haanen died in 1895, but Vos remained and became one of the last artists in residence there.
Although Vos is primarily known for still-lifes, she also did portraits, landscapes and cityscapes, including a series of watercolors depicting Oosterbeek. She mostly exhibited in the Netherlands and Belgium, but also had a showing at the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia.
Much of her work has been lost (or misplaced), but due to the sheer quantity of her output, much remains. Major retrospectives of her work were held in 1973 and 2002.
Arti et Amicitiae]
In 1844, she had a showing at the Exhibition of Living Masters and, in 1847, became an honorary member of the "Royal Academy of Fine Arts" in Amsterdam. On her eightieth birthday, she received a personal tribute from seventy members of Arti et Amicitiae.