Bachelor, City College of New York, 1965—1970. Master of Science, University Colorado, 1980.
Consultant International Business Machines Corporation, White Plains, New York, 1980—1982. Telecommunication engineer Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, New York City, 1982—1984. Deputy director government systems Network Management, Fairfax, Virginia, 1984—1985.
Lead engineer, group leader MITRE Corp, McLean, 1985—1990. Deputy director Network Strategies, Fairfax, 1990—1991. Lead security engineer Federal Aviation Administration, Washington, 1991—2005.
Senior research fellow Center For Technology and National Security Policy, National Defense University, 2003—2004. Retired, 2005
Consultant in field.
Volunteer Court Appointed Special Advisory (CASA), Spotsylvania, Virginia, 1998—2004.