Licentiate of Medicine, University Tampere, Finland, 1978. Doctor of Medical Sciences, University Tampere, Finland, 1986.
Research assistant department public health University Tampere, 1978-1979, assistant professor, 1979-1982. Research associate Academy of Finland, 1982-1986. Senior assistant professor department public health University Tampere, 1986-1994.
Research fellow Finnish Center for Interdisciplinary Gerontology University Jyväskylä, 1994-1996. Professor public health School Public Health, University Tampere, since 1996. Vice rector University Tampere, since 1998.
Coordinator research program on aging research Academy of Finland, 1989-1991, member health research council, 1997. Member Council for Mass Media.
Member American Gerontological Society, International Sociological Association (research commission on aging), Finnish Society for Growth and Aging Research (deputy chair 1986-1989, board directors since 1980).