Bachelor with honors, University Manchester, England, 1979. Master of Arts in International Studies, University Warwick, England, 1983. MBSc, University Manchester, England, 1986.
Freelance writer, consultant Yugoslav affairs, Bradford, England, since 1984. Associate editor, member editorial board The South Slav Journal, London, since 1983. Honorary visiting research fellow Research Unit in Yugoslav Studies University Bradford, since 1986.
Research associate International Institute for Strategic Studies, London, 1988-1989.