Bachelor of Science, University Illinois, 1972. Master of Science in Microbiology, University Illinois, 1974. Doctor of Philosophy in Microbiology, University Illinois, 1977.
Associate professor Rush Medical College, Chicago, since 1997. Director research and chairman division cellular biology Hektoen Institute for Medical Research, since 1983. Instructor Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, since 1979.
Married Janet Rubenstein.