Diploma in nursing, Meyer Memorial Hospital, 1952. Bachelor of Science in Nursing Education, Syracuse (New York ) University, 1955. Doctor of Philosophy, Syracuse (New York ) University, 1974.
Master of Arts in Education, University Michigan, 1961.
Staff nurse, Meyer Memorial Hospital, Buffalo, 1952-1953; staff nurse, Syracuse Memorial Hospital, 1953-1955; instructor in nursing, Hollywood Presbyterian Hospital, Los Angeles, 1955-1957; instructor, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 1957-1961; from assistant to associate professor, Hartwick College, Oneonta, New York, 1961-1967; professor, chair nursing department, Hartwick College, Oneonta, New York, 1967-1980; professor, chair nursing, Eastern Kentucky U., Richmond, 1980-1985; professor, Arkansas State University, Jonesboro, since 1985. Board directors N.E. region Arkansas for Nursing, Little Rock, since 1988. Board dirs.adv. committee March of Dimes, Jonesboro, since 1987.
Member American Nurses Association (chair ethics committee Little Rock chapter since 1987, congressional district representative since 1989), Quota Club (treasurer Jonesboro chapter 1972, 75), Altrusa Club, Order of Easter Star, Sigma Theta Tau, Delta Kappa Gamma (president Beta Chi chapter 1990-1992).