Doctor of Medicine, University Perugia, Italy, 1991. Postgraduate, University Perugia, Italy, 1996. Neurosonologist, University Pisa, Italy, 1995.
Research fellow department neurology University Laussane, Switzerland, 1997, Robarts Research Institute, London, Canada, 1998. Neurologist stroke unit University Perugia, since 1999.
Member Italian Society Neurology, Italian Society Study of Headache, Italian Society for Study of Stroke.