Bailrigg, Lancaster LA1 4YW, United Kingdom
Michael holds a Bachelor of Arts (1971), Master of Philosophy (1981) from Lancaster University.
Stocker Rd, Exeter EX4 4PY, United Kingdom
Michael earned a Doctor of Philosophy from the University of Exeter in 1993.
(A political, social, cultural, and economic portrait of a...)
A political, social, cultural, and economic portrait of a city at the center of the Middle East peace negotiations. This work discusses Jerusalem's administration and demography, urban planning and housing, its three religious communities, and the role of the international community in Jerusalem.
(The proximity within the Old City of Jerusalem of profoun...)
The proximity within the Old City of Jerusalem of profoundly holy sites to three faiths and the elaborate controversies taking place within this confined space are here clearly described and placed within a political context by Dumper. Dumper, who is a specialist in the Palestine-Israeli conflict, disentangles the complex situation as he describes the place, history, and role of each religious group involved. A discussion of the peace process concludes the volume.
(The repatriation of Palestinians is a highly topical issu...)
The repatriation of Palestinians is a highly topical issue and a critical component of any future peace process for Israel/Palestine. Until now, the mechanics of repatriation have not been dealt with in detail. This book explores the notion that the Palestinian refugee case is exceptional through the comparative study of refugee repatriation, and asks: To what extent can the Palestinian case be said to be unique? Where are the divergences, overlaps, and points of similarity with other refugee situations? What lessons can be drawn from these comparisons? How can these lessons inform refugee organizations, the donor community, and policymakers? The expert contributors examine the contextual and methodological field, reviewing the trends in forced migration and refugee studies as well as studying the historical and political background of UNHCR and the negotiations around the Palestinian refugee issue. Taking a comparative approach, the book incorporates case studies of specific refugee situations from around the world, revealing key issues in the formulation of repatriation programs and highlighting lessons to be learned.
(The Arab-Israeli conflict remains one of the longest-runn...)
The Arab-Israeli conflict remains one of the longest-running disputes in modern world politics and the search for a lasting peace remains as elusive as ever. The series of wars and disputes starting in 1948 after the arrival of Zionist settlers in Palestine and the creation of the new state of Israel have primarily been about territory, but a number of other issues have exacerbated and prolonged the conflict. Externally, these include superpower rivalry and interventions in the region by Western industrial powers to secure access to the Middle East’s huge oil reserves. Internally, issues such as religious animosities, militarized polities, and the traumas of rapid modernization and development, have all contributed to regional instability.
(The Israeli-Palestinian conflict has long been intertwine...)
The Israeli-Palestinian conflict has long been intertwined with and has had a profound influence on, the principles of modern international law. Placing a rights-based approach to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict at the center of discussions over its peaceful resolution, this book provides a detailed consideration of international law and its application to political issues. Through the lens of international law and justice, the book debunks the myth that law is not useful to its resolution, illustrating through both theory and practice how international law points the way to a just and durable solution to the conflict in the Middle East. Contributions from leading scholars in their respective fields give an in-depth analysis of key issues that have been marginalized in most mainstream discussions of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict: Palestinian refugees Jerusalem security legal and political frameworks the future of Palestine. Written in a style highly accessible to the non-specialist, this book is an important addition to the existing literature on the subject.
(The idea of security has recently seen a surge of interes...)
The idea of security has recently seen a surge of interest from political philosophers. After the atrocities of 11 September 2001 and 7 July 2005, many leading politicians justified encroachments on international legal standards and civil liberties in the name of security and with a view to protecting the rights of the people. Suggestions were made on both sides of the Atlantic to the effect that the extremism of terrorism required the security of the many to be weighed against the liberties of other citizens. In this collection of essays, Jeremy Waldron, Conor Gearty, Tariq Modood, David Novak, Abdelwahab El-Affendi, and others debate how to move beyond the false dichotomy whereby fundamental human rights and international standards are conceived as something to be balanced against security. They also examine the claim that this aim might better be advanced by the inclusion in the public debate of explicitly religious voices.
(The Struggle for Jerusalem’s Holy Places investigates the...)
The Struggle for Jerusalem’s Holy Places investigates the role of architecture and urban identity in relation to the political economy of the city and its wider state context seen through the lens of the holy places. Reflecting on the broad disciplinary backgrounds of the authors, this book provides perspectives from architecture, urbanism, and politics, and provides in-depth investigations of historical, ethnographic, and policy-related case studies. The research is substantiated by fieldwork carried out in Jerusalem over the past ten years as part of the ESRC Large Grants project ‘Conflict in Cities’. By analyzing new dynamics of radicalization through land seizure, the politicization of parklands and tourism, the strategic manipulation of archaeological and historical narratives and material culture, and thorough an examination of general appropriation of Jerusalem’s varied rituals, memories, and symbolism for factional uses, the book reveals how possibilities of co-existence are seriously threatened in Jerusalem. Shedding new light on the key role played by everyday urban life and its spatial settings for any future political agreements about the city and its religious sites, this book is a useful reference work for students and scholars of Middle East Studies, Architecture, Religion, and Urban Studies.
(Jerusalem's formal political borders reveal neither the d...)
Jerusalem's formal political borders reveal neither the dynamics of power in the city nor the underlying factors that make an agreement between Israel and the Palestinians so difficult. The lines delineating Israeli authority are frequently different from those delineating segregated housing or areas of uneven service provision or parallel national electoral districts of competing for educational jurisdictions. In particular, the city's large number of holy sites and restricted religious compounds create enclaves that continually threaten to undermine the Israeli state's authority and control over the city. This lack of congruity between political control and the actual spatial organization and everyday use of the city leaves many areas of occupied East Jerusalem in a kind of twilight zone where citizenship, property rights, and the enforcement of the rule of law are ambiguously applied.
(Examining contestation and conflict management within hol...)
Examining contestation and conflict management within holy cities, this book provides both an overview and a range of options available to those concerned with this increasingly urgent phenomenon. In cities in India, the Balkans, and the Mediterranean, we can see examples where religion plays a dominant role in urban development and thus provides a platform for conflict. Powerful religious hierarchies, the generation of often unregulated revenues from donations and endowments, the presence of holy sites, and the enactment of ritualistic activities in public spaces combine to create forms of conflicts which are, arguably, more intense and more intractable than other forms of conflicts in cities.
(Conflicts in cities that have a particular religious sign...)
Conflicts in cities that have a particular religious significance often become intense, protracted, and violent. Why are holy cities so frequently contested, and how can these conflicts be mediated and resolved? In Power, Piety, and People, Michael Dumper explores the causes and consequences of contemporary conflicts in holy cities. He explains how common features of holy cities, such as powerful and autonomous religious hierarchies, income from religious endowments, the presence of sacred sites, and the performance of ritual activities that affect other communities, can combine to create tension. Power, Piety, and People offers five case studies of important disputes, beginning with Jerusalem, often seen as the paradigmatic example of a holy city in conflict. Dumper also discusses Córdoba, where the Islamic history of its Mosque-Cathedral poses challenges to the control exercised by the Roman Catholic Church; Banaras, where competing Muslim and Hindu claims to sacred sites threaten the fragile equilibrium that exists in the city; Lhasa, where the Communist Party of China severely restricts the ancient practice of Tibetan Buddhism; and George Town in Malaysia, a rare example of a city with many different religious communities whose leaders have successfully managed intergroup conflicts. Applying the lessons drawn from these cities to a broader global urban landscape, this book offers scholars and policymakers new insights into a pervasive category of conflict that often appears intractable.
Michael holds a Bachelor of Arts (1971), Master of Philosophy (1981) from Lancaster University. He also earned a Doctor of Philosophy from the University of Exeter in 1993.
Since 1993 Dumper has taught in the Politics Department at the University of Exeter. As well as his academic research, he has participated in a number of academic and policy study groups involving Palestinian and Israeli academics and officials, ranging in subjects from Permanent Status Issues in the Middle East Peace Process, to planning issues for Jerusalem and to the future of Islamic waqfs in Palestine. These were funded, amongst others, by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, International Development Research Centre, Olaf Palme International Centre, and the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. He has also conducted consultancies with the European Commission, International Development and Research Centre, and the Adam Smith Institute International Division on aspects of the Arab-Israeli conflict.
In 2002, Professor Dumper was awarded a British Academy/Leverhulme Trust Senior Research Fellowship to work on issues concerning the future of Palestinian refugees. In 2003 and 2005, he received two awards in conjunction with Wendy Pullan of Cambridge University, from the Economic Social Research Council, to work on a project entitled: Conflict in Cities: Architecture and the Urban Order in Divided Jerusalem. In 2007, he and Pullan, together with Professors James Anderson and Liam O'Dowd of Queen's University, Belfast, were awarded a 5-year ESRC grant to work on a comparative project entitled Conflict in Cities and the Contested State: Everyday Life and the Possibilities of Transformation in Belfast, Jerusalem, and Other Divided cities.
At the same time, Dumper has collaborated with the International Research and Development Centre, Ottawa on issues concerning Palestinian refugees and rights-based approaches to the Middle East conflict leading to two IDRC funded workshops at Exeter. One entitled Transferring Best Practice: The comparative study of refugee return program with reference to the Palestinian cause. The other: International Law and Middle East peace: A Rights-based approach to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. He also contributed to a project with the University of Windsor, Ontario, entitled the Jerusalem Old City Initiative. In 2011 he collaborated with the Toledo International Center for Peace to produce recommendations for developing the role of the Council for Religious Institutions in the Holy Land. Currently, he also convenes an expert forum in conjunction with the Office of the Commissioner-General of UNRWA.
Michael is the author of The Future of the Palestinian Refugees; The Politics of Sacred Space: The Old City of Jerusalem and the Middle East Conflict, 1967-2000; and The Politics of Jerusalem Since 1967.
The Politics of Sacred Space: The Old City of Jerusalem in the Middle East Conflict, published in 2002, helps to draw readers into his portrait of the city that lies at the heart of an ancient antagonism and also increases understanding of the region in the wake of the 9/11 terrorist attacks. The Politics of Jerusalem since 1967, published by Dumper in 2000, also focuses on the historic city, this lime arguing that a need exists to address the complex lives of the city's inhabitants, along with the vested and evolving interest of Israel and Palestinian nationalism and Jewish, Christian, and Muslim religious sensibilities.
In Islam and Israel: Muslim Religious Endowments and the Jewish State, Dumper considers the conflict over land rights in lieu of the Islamic practice of waqf, a form of inheritance by which blocks of land have been handed down through generations of rulers and elites. Tracing the history of the waqf system under Ottoman and British rule, he then looks at the role waqfs play in mediating disputes and contributing to political harmony.
His latest book on the project, Power, Piety, and People: Holy Cities in the 21st Century is published by Columbia University Press in 2020.
(The proximity within the Old City of Jerusalem of profoun...)2002
(The Struggle for Jerusalem’s Holy Places investigates the...)2013
(Examining contestation and conflict management within hol...)2019
(Jerusalem's formal political borders reveal neither the d...)2014
(The Arab-Israeli conflict remains one of the longest-runn...)2009
(The Israeli-Palestinian conflict has long been intertwine...)2010
(The repatriation of Palestinians is a highly topical issu...)2006
(A political, social, cultural, and economic portrait of a...)1997
(Conflicts in cities that have a particular religious sign...)2020
(The idea of security has recently seen a surge of interes...)2012
Dumper's research interests are the Permanent Status Issues of the Middle East peace process, the Arab-Israeli conflict, religious institutions in the Middle East, and the urban politics of the Middle East.
Michael married on September 7, 2002. He and his wife have two children: Rowan, Declan.