Student, University Mexico, 1939. Student, National Academy of Design, 1942. Student, Art Students League, New York City, 1947.
Student, Brooklyn Museum Art School, also in Europe., 1949.
Cartoonist, Saturday Evening Post Cartoonist, Colliers Cartoonist, New Yorker magazines, 1942-1949; Cartoonist, Yank Army magazine, 1943-1945; teacher, Vassar College, 1953; teacher, Pratt Graphic Art Center, 1957-1971; teacher, Cooper Union, 1962-1967; teacher, Hunter College, 1959-1967; teacher, University of Pennsylvania, since 1966; teacher, Art Students League, 1966-1986; teacher, Pratt Institute, 1968-1986; teacher, California State College, 1969; teacher, Hayward State College, 1970; teacher, Columbia University, 1972; teacher, New York University, 1976-1977; vice president, Nelson Rockefeller Collection vice president, Shah of Iran collection vice president, John F. Kennedy collection. Lecturer United States, Europe, Asia, judge 50 art competitions, presenter demonstrations.
Represented United States at Symposium of 1st Indian Triannial of Art in New Delhi. Represented Venice Biennale, 1970, Bienal of Puerto Rico, 1981. Served with United States Army Air Force, 1943-1946.
Member Society of America Graphic Artists (past. treasurer).