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Mikhail Iosifovich GUREVICH

engineer , inventor , aerospace engineer

Mikhail GUREVICH, Aircraft designer for USSR aviation industrial since 1929. Stalin Prizes, 1941, 1947, 1948, 1949; Order of Lenin.

Background

Born to a Jewish family as the son of a winery mechanic in the small township of Rubanshchina (Kursk region in Ukraine), in 1910 he graduated from gymnasium in Okhtyrka (Kharkov region) with the silver medal and entered the Mathematics department at Kharkov University.

Education

Studied at Physico-Mathematical Faculty, Kharkov University, and in France. 1925 graduated, Aircraft Construction Faculty, Kharkov Technology Institute.

Career

MiG is an abbreviation of their surnames. After a year, for participation in revolutionary activities, he was expelled from the university and from the region and continued his education in Montpellier University. In the summer 1914 Gurevich was visiting his home when World War I broke out.

This and later the Russian Civil War interrupted his education. In 1925 he graduated from the Aviation faculty of Kharkov Technological Institute and worked as an engineer of the state company "Heat and Power". In 1929 Gurevich moved to Moscow to pursue the career of aviation designer.

Soviet design was a state-run affair, organised in so-called OKBs or design bureaus. In late 1939 they created the Mikoyan-Gurevich Design Bureau, with Gurevich in the position of Vice Chief Designer, and after 1957 as its Chief Designer, a post he kept until his retirement in 1964. This is quite remarkable, considering that he never joined the Communist Party.

In 1940 Mikoyan and Gurevich designed and built the high-altitude MiG-1 fighter plane, starting from a project partially developed by Polikarpov's team. The improved MiG-3 fighter aircraft was widely used during World War II. In the years after the war, the two designed the first Soviet jet fighters, including the first supersonic models. The last model Gurevich worked on was the MiG-25 interceptor, which is among the fastest military aircraft ever to enter service.

Gurewich provided the mathematical basis for the successful work of the Mikoyan-Gurevich design bureau. Their main focus was on high speed, fast ascent, and high flight altitude.

Achievements

  • For his winning designs, Mikhail Gurevich won several major Soviet awards. Five State Stalin Prizes (1941, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1953)The Order of Lenin (1962)The title of Hero of Socialist Labor (1957).

Religion

Religion divides people, and is a cause of numerous wars and conflicts throughout the human history.

Politics

The title of Hero of Socialist Labor (1957).

Views

The emphasis on peaceful coexistence doesn’t mean that the Soviet Union accepted a static world with clear lines. Socialism is inevitable and the "correlations of forces" were moving towards socialism.

Connections

partner:
Artem Mikoyan