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Mikhail Sergeevich Hrushevskii

historian , politician

Mikhail Hrushevskii, USSR Historian, politician. Member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, 1929.


Hrushevskii, Mikhail was born on September 29, 1866 in Kholm.


Graduated from Kiev University, 1890.


Ukrainian. Professor at Lvov University, 1894. Chairman of the Shevchenko Scientific Society, 1897. During the 1890s, active member of the Hromada (Ukrainian Liberal Nationalists).

One of the founders of the Ukrainian National Democratic Party in Galicia, 1899. Moved to Kiev, 1908, and became close to the Cadets. Was in favour of Ukrainian autonomy.

During World War I, took a pro-German stance. Arrested and sent to Simbirsk, 1914. After the February Revolution 1917, SR in the Ukraine, President of the Central Ukrainian Rada.

After the fall of the Rada, emigrated, 1919. In Vienna founded the Ukrainian Sociological Institute, which became one of the main centres of Ukrainian nationalism. Broke with his colleagues and returned to the USSR in 1924.

Moved to Moscow, 1930.


All religions persuade people to rely on outside authority, thus preventing them to become self-reliant.


Every person has rights to express his or her opinion, but the opinion could be expressed if it was in accordance with the general interests of Soviet society.


Member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, 1929.