Mikhail Ilyich graduated from the philosophical course of the Moscow Theological Seminary, but did not follow the spiritual line and in 1821 entered the medical faculty of Moscow University, completing his education in 1826.
For the first years after graduation, Mikhail Ilyich worked as a doctor at the University (in 1825-1826, the 2nd Department, in 1827-1828 - the 1st Department). From 1829, he served as a private physician on the staff of the Moscow police; from 1833, he was also a resident of the City hospital and a medic of the Moscow office of the Imperial theaters. In 1846, Mikhail Ilyich was appointed a teacher of Russian literature at the Moscow theater school.
Probably, at the University or soon after, Mikhail Ilyich became interested in literature and made acquaintance with a group of students who shared his interests, with whom he formed a kind of circle. As a writer, Mikhail Ilyich made his debut in 1827-1829, publishing several novels by Walter Scott in his own translations from French (translations from translations). In 1828-1829, he anonymously published in Moscow the first three chapters of the novel in verse by Eugene Velsky, a half-parody-half-imitation of Pushkin's Eugene Onegin.
In the late 1820s and early 1830s, Mikhail Ilyich published stories and novellas in the grassroots Moscow almanacs. In the mid-1830s, he switched to prose and wrote about a dozen novels that were very popular with the General public at the time: He and she (1836), the Cursed place (1838), the Circassian (1839), the Dreamer (1841), the Heart of a woman (1842), self-Sacrifice (1844), Hidden thought (1856), Natasha Podgorica (1858), Infatuation, or the Kellyopin Family (1860). In 1858, he published a four-volume collection of Novellas and short stories.
Mikhail Ilyich was the author of several plays, marching on the stages of Small, Large, Alexandrinsky theaters: the Screen, or a novel in a province (a Comedy in three acts in verse), Twenty-one and thirty-nine (Comedy in four acts), A wedding, or don't know where you can find where you lose (Comedy in five acts in verse). In 1844, he released the Comedy-joke the Morning after Famusov's ball, or All old acquaintances (in one act in verse). Like Eugene Velsky, another imitation of him, this continuation of Grief from the mind came out anonymously. The Comedy was accepted by the public but mercilessly dispersed In. G. Belinsky.
For the last seven years of his life, Mikhail Ilyich was not published, and soon after the writer's death, both he and his works were quickly forgotten.