Bachelor, Samford University, 1986. Master of Arts, University Missouri, 1992. Doctor of Philosophy, University Missouri, 1997.
Reporter Franklin (Tennessee) Review Appeal, 1986-1988. Teacher English, Korea Baptist Seminary, Taejon, Republican of Korea, 1989-1990. Correspondent Baptist Press, Republican of Korea, 1989-1990.
Reporter Montgomery (Alabama) Advertiser, 1991. Assistant professor department communications studies Whitworth College, Spokane, Washington, since 1996.
Guardian Ad Litem, CASA, Spokane County, 1997X. Member Association Education in Journalism and Mass Communications (secretary media ethics division), Inland Northwest Society Professional Journalists (advisor student chapter 1997X, chair journalism education committee).