Bachelor, University Pittsburgh, 1956. MSJ, Northwestern University, 1959. Doctor of Philosophy, University Missouri, 1967.
Teen editor, reporter Daily Press, Newport News, Virginia, 1956—1958. Bureau chief, reporter Miami Herald, Florida, 1959—1961. Editor Associated Press, Louisville, 1961—1965.
Assistant professor journalism Pennsylvania State University, State College, 1967—1971. Associate professor Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, 1971—1985, professor, 1985—1989, chairman department, 1977—1983. Sabbatical teacher Beijing Broadcasting Institute, China, 1984—1985, teacher, since 1997.
Director graduate communications program, full professor Point Park College, Pittsburgh, 1989—1996, chairman department, 1991—1996. Retired, 1996; visiting professor Beijing Broadcasting Institute, 1997—1998. Freelance writer & coach, consultant media, journalism education.
Member of American Association of University Professors, Press Club Western Pennsylvania, Society Professional Journalists, Association Education Journalism & Mass Communications, Women Communications, Pittsburgh Women's Press Club (scholarship chair).