Bachelor, Goucher College, 1963. Master of Arts, Harvard University, 1965. Doctor of Philosophy, Harvard University, 1968.
Doctor of Philosophy, Harvard University, 1968.
Deputy assistant director, Congressional Budget Office, Washington, 1975-1976; senior staff, Council of Economics Advisors, Washington, 1977; principal research associate, The Urban Institute, Washington, 1977-1979; deputy assistant secretary, unites states department Labor, Washington, 1979-1981; instructor, American U., Washington, 1966-1967; assistant professor economics, American U., Washington, 1967-1970; associate professor, American U., Washington, 1970-1974; professor, American U., Washington, 1974-1989; dean College of Business Administration, Fairleigh Dickinson U., Teaneck, New Jersey, 1989-1991; provost, vice president academic affairs, Western Michigan U., Kalamazoo, 1991-1996; provost, vice president academic affairs, U. Alabama, Tuscaloosa, since 1996.
Member of American Economics Association, Phi Beta Kappa.
Children: Clark, Christopher.