3d secretary, British Embassy, Rangoon, 1958-1961; 2d secretary, British Embassy, Berne, 1961-1965; 1st secretary, Commonwealth Office, London, 1966-1968; 1st secretary, British Military Government, Berlin, 1969-1973; assistant head, North America Department, London, 1973-1977; counsellor, British Embassy, Helsinki, Finland, 1977-1980; consul-general, Liechtenstein, Zurich and Liemtenstein, 1980-1985; head, Trade Rels. Department Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1985-1988; ambassador, British Embassy, Helsinki, since 1989.
With Royal Air Force, 1954-1956. Member Travellers' Club London.
Married Elvi Vappu Hämäläinen, May 1, 1956. Children: Helen Maarit, Kim Christopher.