Nicolas-Joseph-Laurent Gilbert was a French poet born at Fontenoy-le-Château, Vosges, Lorraine.
Having completed his education at the college of Dole, he devoted himself for a time to a half-scholastic, half-literary life at Nancy, but in 1774 he found his way to the capital.
He died in Paris in 1780 from the results of a fall from his horse. His best-known verses are the Ode imitée de plusieurs psaumes, usually entitled Adieux à la vie. Among his other works may be mentioned Les Familles du Darius et d"Eridame, histoire persane (1770), Le Carnaval des auteurs (1773), Odes nouvelles et patriotiques (1775).
Gilbert"s Œuvres complètes were first published in 1788.