Bachelor of Science in Economics, London School of Economics, 1966. Farm Credit Administration, London School of Economics, 1969.
Accountant, Touche, Ross & Limited company, London, 1966-1969; assistant general manager, Westmoreland (Jamaica) Building Society, 1970; assistant general manager, general manager, Jamaica National Building Society, Kingston, 1971-1976; managing director, chairman, Gleaner Company Ltd., Kingston, since 1976. Board directors Jamaica National Building Society, Indiana Radio Company Ltd., Caribbean News Agency, Commonwealth Press Union, London, Inter American Press Association, Inter American Dialogue, NCB Group Ltd. Pouch Attachment Ladder System Jamaica Ltd.
Director Peace Education Foundation, University Würzburg.I. Development and Endowment Fund. Fellow Institute Chartered Accountants London, Institute Chartered Accountants Jamaica.
Married Monica Ladd, September 10, 1988. 1 child, Alexandra.