Doctor of Philosophy in Mathematics, University London, 1999. Master of Science in Neural Networks and Information Processing,, University Helsinki, 2003. Master of Arts in Cognitive Science, University Helsinki, 1993.
Postdoctoral researcher Academy Finland, Department Psychology, University Helsink, 2000—2004. Research fellow Academy Finland, 2005—2010. Senior researcher Aalto University, since 2008.
Married Carola Wessman May, August 27, 1994. Children: Francesca, Sebastian.