Associate of Arts, Pasadena Junior College, 1939; student, Art Center School Fine Arts, Pasadena, California, 1940-1941; student, Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center, 1944-1945; student, Claremont Graduate School, 1945-1949.
Professor art, Otis The Art Institute of Chicago, Los Angeles, 1962-1968; instructor, California Institute Technology, Pasadena, 1979-1972; professor art, Claremont (California) Graduate School, 1955-1992; professor, Scripps College, Claremont, 1955-1992; professor emeritus, Scripps College, Claremont, since 1992. Artist-correspondent Vietnam war on ships at sea, Japan, Okinawa, Taiwan, 1964.
Member California Watercolor Society (vice president 1962-1963), Los Angeles Printmaking Society (co-founder).
Married Nadine Gunderson, June 13, 1944 (divorced 1963). Children: Christopher, Joan, Elizabeth, Eric. Married Suzanne Standlee Smith, June 8, 1965 (deceased November 1985).