Bachelor of Laws, 1979.
Notary, 1984—1985; vice-judge, 1985. Legislation department secretary Ministry of Justice, Finland, 1980—1984, member legislation council Finland, 1985—1995. Member legal department European Investment Bank, Luxembourg, 1995—1997, deputy director legal department Luxembourg, 1998—1999, director legal department Luxembourg, 1999—2000.
Member Supreme Court, Finland, 2000—2006, president Finland, since 2006.
Married Gerhart af Schulten.