Attended, Xavier University, 1949—1951. Bachelor, Indiana University, 1952. Master of Arts, Indiana University, 1953.
Doctor of Philosophy, University Michigan, 1959.
Teaching fellow Indiana University, Bloomington, 1952—1953, University Michigan, Ann Arbor, 1953—1955. Assistant professor Holy Cross College, 1955—1959, University Arizona, 1960—1962, associate professor, 1963—1966, Eastern Washington State College, 1967, Prescott College, 1968—1969, professor, 1970, head center Arts and Literature, 1970—1972. Associate professor Arizona State University, Tempe, 1973—1975, professor, 1976—1983, chairman department foreign languages, since 1984.
Director graduate studies in German Arizona State University, 1979—1980, 1982—1983. Lecturer, book reviewer in field.
Member of American Association Teachers of German, Rocky Mountian Modern Language Association, Modern Language Association (regional delegate 1978-1980), International Federation Modern Languages and Lits. (assistant secretary 1978-1981, since 1981), International Society 18th Century Studies.