Bachelor of Arts, Swarthmore College, 1974. Master of Arts, Stanford University, 1976.
Research economist University of California at Los Angeles Business Forecasting Project, 1979-1981. Senior economics analyst Atlantic Richfield Company, Los Angeles, 1981-1984, planning consultant, 1984-1986, director Economics Analysis, 1986-1994. Vice president United States macro group WEFA, Eddystone, Pennsylvania, 1995-1997, vice president world service, 1997-1998, senior vice president global services, 1998.
Member of National Business Economic Issues Council, International Association Energy Economics, National Association Business Economists (past president Los Angeles chapter), American Economic Association.
Married Andrea Frisk, January 15, 1983. Children: Elisabeth, Jonathan, Matthew.