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Prasanta Chandra MAHALANOBIS


Prasanta Chandra MAHALANOBIS, economist.


MAHALANOBIS, Prasanta Chandra was born in 1893 in Calcutta, India.


Bachelor of Science (Physics) University Calcutta, 1912, Master of Arts University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom, 1915. Honorary Doctor of Science Universities Sofia State, 1961, Delhi, 1964, Stockholm, 1965.


A notable statistician with a worldwide reputation as an expert on sampling methods, he became in his later years a leading spokesman of India’s strategy of development, writing and lecturing in both India and abroad in defence of Soviet-style central planning, emphasising investment goods at the expense of consumer goods. He was also one of the first in the postwar period to seize on Harrod-Domar models as the basis of development planning. Indian Education Service.

1915-1948; Professor Physics, Principal, Presidency College, India, 1922-1945, 1945-1948. Lector Statistics, Calcutta University, 1917-1945. Meteorologist, Alipore Observatory, Calcutta, 1922-1926.

Secretary, Director, State Adviser, Indian State Institute, Institution, Indian Government, Calcutta, 1931-1972, 1949-1972. Member, Indian Planning Commission, 1955-1967. Ed, Sankya: Indian J. Statistics, 1933-1972.


  • Vice-President, International Biometric Society, 1947. President, Indian Science Congress, 1950. Honorary President, International State Institute, Institution, 1957;Chairman, United Nations Subcomm.

    State Sampling, 51; President, Indian National Science Academcy, 1957-1958. Devad Prasad Sarbahikam Gold Medal, Czechoslovak Academy Sciences, 1964. Durga Prasad Khaitan Memorial Gold Medal, Asiatic Society, 1968.