Bachelor with honors in Political Science with honors, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada, 1974. Master of Arts in International Development, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada.
Education programme officer, Canadian U. Svc. overseas, Ottawa, 1975-1977;
planner/project manager Indonesia programme, Canada International Development Agency, Hull, Quebec, 1977-1984;
manager of human resources consultant group, Price Waterhouse Management Cons., Jakarta, Indonesia, 1984-1987;
partner in charge, human resources consultant, Klynveld Peat Marwick Goerdeler Peat Marwick Management Cons., Jakarta, 1987-1994;
managing partner, TASA International, Jakarta, 1994-1996;
managing partner, AMROP International, Jakarta, since 1996. Cross-cultural committee consultant various organizations in public private sectors inN. American and Asia Pacific, since 1974. Session lecturer Indonesian Institute for Management Development, Jakarta, since 1988.
Commissioner Gandarum Ganda Architects, Jakarta, since 1990.
Member American Management Association, Association Executive Search Consultant, Society for Intercultural Education, Training and Research.
Married Rigianti Gandarum. 1 child, Nikita Karti.