Bachelor in Sociology and Philosophy, Alexandria University, Egypt, 1960. Diploma in journalism, Cairo University, 1971.
Corresponding, writer Al Ahram newspaper, Cairo, 1971—1980, assistant editor-in-chief, 1980—1987, vice editor-in-chief, 1987—1994. Editor-in-chief, writer October magazine, since 1994. Chairman Dar Al Maaref Public House, since 1994.
Member National Committee for Culture, Art and Literature, Cairo, Higher Council Islamic Afairs, Cairo. Professor journalism Cairo University, 1974.
Author: History Not For Sale, Looking for Future, Religious Illiteracy and War Against Islam, (short stories) Little Smile, The West and Islam, History of Copts in Egypt, A Trip to China, Miracles of Creation and the Creator, Making Enmity to Islam, America, A View Inside, Heikal, Between Journalism and Politics. Weekly columnist: Al Ahram, since 1970.
Member Egyptian Society Economics and Political Science.