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Raisa Davydovna Orlova

literary critic , translator , author

Raisa Orlova, USSR Literary critic, translator,author.


Orlova, Raisa was born in 1918 in Moscow. Wife of Lev Kopelev.


Graduated from the Moscow Institute of Philosophy, Literature and History.


Specialized in American literature. Became involved in the human rights movement in the mid-1960s. In 1980, expelled from the party.

Protested publicly against Dr. A. Sakharov’s exile to Gorkii. In November 1980, left the USSR with her husband. In January 1981, both were stripped of Soviet citizenship for their interviews and articles in the Western press.

Lives in Cologne.


All religions persuade people to rely on outside authority, thus preventing them to become self-reliant.


Strong communist party can create a new and better society with neither rich nor poor.