Doctor of Medicine, University Oulu, Finland, 1983.
Fellow department ophthalmology, U. Oulu, 1990-1992; department physician, department ophthalmology, Control Hospital of Vaasa, Finland, 1988-1990; department physician, Control Hospital of Vaasa, Finland, 1992-1996; private practice ophthalmology, founder, operational clinic for ophthalmic operations, Vaasa, since 1996. Lecturer in field.
Assistant coach, junior ice hockey Vaasa Sport, since 1995. Member European Society Cataract and Refractive Surgery, American Society Cataract and Refractive surgery, American Academy Ophthalmology.
Married Tarja Sinikka Mäkäräinen, January 15, 1983.