Doctor of Medicine cum laude, University Pisa, Italy, 1986. Certification in gastroenterology, University Pisa, Italy, 1990. Postgraduate degree diagnostic ultrasound, University Pisa, Italy, 1990.
Postgraduate degree interventional ultrasound, University Pisa, Italy, 1990. Certification in radiology cum laude, University Pisa, Italy, 1994.
Resident department surgery, U. Pisa, Italy, 1986-1990;
resident department radiology, U. Pisa, Italy, 1990-1994;
staff department radiology, U. Pisa, Italy, 1992-1995;
assistant professor, residency School Radiology, U. Pisa, Italy, since 1995. Coordinator postgraduate course in interventional ultrasound, 1991-1997. Teacher postgraduate course computed tomography, 1991-1997, postgraduate course Medical Research Institute, 1991-1997, Erasmus course on abdominal Medical Research Institute, since 1994.
Visiting professor Emory University School Medicine, Atlanta, 1994. Invited speaker over 160 national and international congresses.
Member Radiological Society North America, American Roentgen Ray Society, European Society Abdominal Radiology, European Society Magnetic Resonance, Italian Society Medical Radiology, Italian Society Interventional Radiology (board directors 1996-2000).