AB, Harvard University, 1943. Doctor of Philosophy, University Chicago, 1954. Doctorate (honorary), University Alcalá de Henares, Spain, 2001.
Instructor, Yale University, 1952-1957;
assistant professor, Yale University, 1957-1959;
associate professor, University of California, Berkeley, 1960-1963;
professor of history, University of California, Berkeley, 1963-1991;
professor emeritus, University of California, Berkeley, since 1991;
chancellor's fellow, University of California, Berkeley, 1987-1990. Directeur d'études associé, sixième section Ecole Pratique desHautes Etudes, Paris, 1973. Director Madrid Study Center, University of California, 1975-1977.
Chair Portuguese Studies Program, University of California, Berkeley, 1994-1998. Visiting life member Clare Hall, Cambridge, England, since 1985. Visiting professor U. Alcalá.
Henares, Spain, 1991. Board directors International Institute Foundation in Spain, Boston. Fellow Center for History of Freedom, Washington University, St. Louis, 1994.
( The description for this book, The Eighteenth-Century R...)
With Army of the United States, 1943-1945. Fellow American Academy Arts and Sciences. Member American Philosophical Society, Real Academia de la Historia Madrid (correspondent), Society for Spanish and Portuguese History Studies.
Married Elena Fernandez Mel, March 2, 1946 (divorced 1967). Children: Charles Fernandez, Winship Richard. Married Valerie J. Jackson, August 29, 1968.
Children: Sarah, Jane.