Bachelor of Science, University Kansas, 1957. Doctor of Philosophy in Chemistry, University California, Berkeley, 1961. AM (honorary), Amherst College, 1985.
Junior organic chemist Monsanto Inc., 1957-1958. Biochemist, virologist E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company Inc., 1961-1966. From assistant professor to associate professor biology Yale University, 1966-1972.
Professor chemistry University Maryland, College Park, from 1972. Now Amanda and Lisa Cross professor biology Amherst (Massachusetts) College. Master Pierson College, 1971-1972.
Board of directors Carver Foundation, Tuskegee Institute, since 1973. Member American Sociology.