Bachelor of Science, Southern Connecticut State University, 1957; Doctor of Philosophy, Universite Royal, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, 1959; Master of Library Science, University of Southern California, 1967.
Ref.libr., San Bernardino (California) Public Library., 1960-1964; director, Bismarck (North Dakota) Public Library., 1964-1966; director, Port Angeles (Washington) Public Library., 1966-1970; director, Arcadia (California) Public Library., 1970-1978; director, Winnefox Library. System, Oshkosh, Wisconsin, 1978-1982; manager, Oak Lawn Library., Dallas, 1982-1991.
President Arcadia Coordinating Council, 1975-1977, American Field Service, Arcadia, 1976-1977. Active Sister City Commission, Arcadia, 1974-1976. Staff sergeant United States Air Force, 1952-1956.
Member Texas Library. Association, Austrian Library. Association, Finnish Library.
Association, California Parent-Teachers Association (honorary life), Texas Finnish Society.
Married Eugenia Knox Randal, February 26, 1960. 1 child, Gregory Dwan.