Bachelor of Business Administration, University Massachusetts, 1958. Master of Arts, Pepperdine University, 1974.
Commissioned Second lieutenant United States Army, 1958, advanced through grades to major, 1967. Stationed at various locations including Korea and Vietnam, 1958-1973. Retired United States Army Reserve, 1979.
Disposal specialist United States Navy, Lualualei, Hawaii, 1973-1976. Management analyst Marine Corps Air Station, Kaneohe Bay, 1976-1993. Firearms and explosives consultant, since 1993.
Expert witness explosives and firearms, Hawaii, Massachusetts.
President Association Owners Palms Condominium, Honolulu, 1978—1980. Member of Gun Owners Action League, DAV (life), Veterans of Foreign Wars (life), International Association Bomb Technicians and Investigators (life. Director Hawaii chapter since 2000), Military Order Purple Heart (life), Hawaii Rifle Association (president 1994-1996, 2000-2002), Bay Colony Weapons Collectors, Ohio Gun Collectors Association, National Auto Pistol Collectors Association, American Legion (life).