Bachelor of Science, Drexel University, 1951. Master of Business Administration, Drexel University, 1953.
Assistant to sales manager, Masland Duraleather, Philadelphia, 1951-1953;
assistant to director industrial relations, Chadbourne Hosiery, Charlotte, North Carolina, 1953-1954;
personnel and credit manager, Shaw Manufacturing Company, Charlotte, 1954-1956;
personnel research specialist, United States Army, Washington, 1956-1959;
research psychologist, program manager, United States Navy, Washington, 1959-1980. Guest speaker science fiction conferences. Science fiction research consultant ParamountProdns., other film companies.
Research consultant projects Yesterday's Tomorrowsand Study on Hugo Gernsback, Smithsonian Institute. Developed first survey on science fiction's predictions of atomic energy.
With United States Army, 1942-1946. Member Science Fiction Writers American, Washington Science Fiction Association, First Fandom (president 1959-1982, 1st Fandom Hall of Fame award 1990, Electrical Engineer Evans Science Fiction achievement award 1974), Philadelphia Science Fiction Society (founding member).
Married Billie Franklin Lindsay, November 7, 1943 (deceased December 1997). Children: Robert, Richard, Jane, Mary Anne. Married Ana Lisseth Martinez, February 28, 2002.
1 stepchild, Sarah Nicole Martinez.