Bachelor of Science, Bowling Green State University, 1964. Master of Business Administration, University Hawaii, Hilo, 1966. Doctor in Business Administration, Florida State University, Tallahassee, 1976.
Instructor Florida State University, 1972—1974. Assistant professor University Hawaii, 1974—1980, associate professor, since 1980, chairman, division business administration and economics, 1984—1987. Member, advisory board on employee stock ownership plans Hawaii State Department Business and Economic Development.
Board directors Sure Save Supermarkets. Consultant, various companies, Hilo, since 1976. Consultant Dillingham Corporation, Honolulu, 1979—1980.
Resource member, marketing committees Hawaii Island United Way, since 1988. Member of Hawaii Island Chamber of Commerce (resource member since 1978), Western Marketing Educators Association, Southern Marketing Association, American Marketing Association (president, Hilo chapter 1983-1984, board directors 1980-1986), Beta Gamma Sigma, Phi Kappa Phi, Omicron Delta Kappa, Alpha Kappa Psi (Florida State University Distinguished Teaching award 1973).