Master of Arts, University Sorbonne, Paris, 1937. Bachelor's Degree, Gordon Division School, Boston, 1939. Master of Sacred Theology, Gordon Division School, Boston, 1940.
Doctor of Theology, Gordon Division School, Boston, 1943. Doctor of Philosophy, Harvard University, 1967. Doctor of Divinity, Wheaton College, 1978.
During his childhood, the family moved back to Switzerland, where he lived until 1935. He earned his Master of Arts from Sorbonne, France, and then emigrated to the United States to continue his studies. In 1946, Nicole married Annette Cyr (1917 - 2008).
In 1944, Nicole joined the faculty at what was then called Gordon Divinity School, now known as Gordon Conwell Theological Seminary.
He was appointed professor of theology in 1949, where he remained until retiring in 1986. He continued to teach theology during his retirement at Reformed Theological Seminary, Orlando, Florida.
A devotee of mathematics and prolific writer, he produced some 100 articles and contributed to fifty books and reference works. A bibliophile and distinguished librarian with a massive collection, he owned Calvin"s Commentaries on the Gospels and Acts and other volumes from the 16th and 17th centuries.
The library of Reformed Theological Seminary in Orlando contains over twenty thousand of his personal books
They take up one half of the current library. Respected internationally for his Christian statesmanship and scholarship, he was an acknowledged expert in the thought of Reformation leader John Calvin. An avid philatelist, Nicole had a personal collection of approximately one million stamps.
Evangelical commentator David F. Wells dedicated his 1985 release, Reformed Theology in America, simply “to Roger Nicole, a man of God.” J. I. Packer has written this tribute to Nicole: "Awesome for brain power, learning and wisdom, endlessly patient and courteous in his gentle geniality, and beloved by a multitude as pastor, mentor and friend.".
He was an associate editor for the New Geneva Study Bible, assisted in the translation of the New International Version, and was a founding member of both the International Council on Biblical Inerrancy and the Evangelical Theological Society, serving as president of the latter in 1956.
Married Annette Marie Cyr, June 18, 1946.