Bachelor, Western Maryland College, 1952. Master of Arts, Johns Hopkins University, 1954. Doctor of Philosophy, Johns Hopkins University, 1964.
Doctor of Fine Arts, Western Maryland College, 1993.
Instructor art history Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, 1955—1956. Associate professor University Miami, Coral Gables, Florida, 1956—1966. Professor art history George Washington University, 1966—1974, Pennsylvania State University, State College, 1974—1996, professor emeritus, since 1996.
Consultant in field.
Member of Foundation Cornelis Hofstede de Groot, American Association Netherlandic Studies, College Art Association, Moose.
Children: Edward Brandt, Frederick Roland.