Bachelor, University Manitoba, 1946. Diploma in social work, University Manitoba, 1947. Master of Arts in Linguistics, University Michigan, 1960.
Doctor of Philosophy in Linguistics, University Michigan, 1964. Bachelor in Theology (honorary), Multnomah School Bible, 1972.
Social worker Provincial Government, Winnipeg, 1947—1949. Linguistic teaching assistant Summer Institute Linguistics, Norman, Oklahoma, 1955—1965, consultant linguistic workshops Peru, from 1960, Ecuador, from 1960, India, from 1960, Mexico, from 1960, Colombia, from 1960. Research assistant professor K. L. Pike, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1960—1975.
Visiting lecturer Monash University, Melbourne, Australia, 1969—1970. Fullbright professor University Tromso, Trondheim, Norway, 1975—1976. Professor linguistics Michigan State University, East Lansing, from 1964.
Member of Linguistics Association Canada and United States, Linguistic Society America, Women's Research Club (president 1984-1985).