Travels in the Mughal Empire Hearing that precious items and works of art were being purchased in India at high prices, Sarmad gathered together his wares and traveled to the Mughal Empire where he intended to sell them. During this time he abandoned his wealth, let his hair grow, stopped clipping his nails and began to wander the city streets and emperor"s courts a naked faqir. Both moved first to Lahore, then Hyderabad, settling finally in Delhi.
= Life in Delhi The reputation as a poet and mystic he had acquired during the time the two travelled together, caused Mughal crown prince Dara Shikoh to invite Sarmad at his father"s court.
On this occasion, Sarmad so deeply impressed the royal heir that he vowed to become his disciple. Sarmad had an excellent command of Persian, essential for his work as a merchant, and composed most of his work in this language.
He produced a translation of the Torah in Persian. = Death He had Sarmad arrested and tried for heresy.
Sarmad was put to death by beheading in 1661.
His grave is located near the Jama Masjid in Delhi, India. Aurangzeb ordered his mullahs to ask Sarmad why he repeated only "There is no God", and ordered him to recite the second part,"but God". To that he replied that "I am still absorbed with the negative part.
Why should I tell a lie?" Thus he sealed his death sentence.
Ali Khan-Razi, Aurangzeb"s court chronicler, was present at the execution. He relates some of the mystic"s verses uttered at the execution stand: "The Mullahs say Ahmed went to heaven, Sarmad says that heaven came down to Ahmed." "There was an uproar and we opened our eyes from the eternal sleep.
Saw that the night of wickedness endured, so we slept again." Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, one of the leading political personalities involved in the Indian independence movement, compared himself to Sarmad, for his freedom of thought and expression.