Degree in political science, University Helsinki, 1967. Doctor social science, 2002.
Secretary to Prime Minister, Helsinki, Finland, 1968-1970. Minister of trade and industry Finland, 1972, 83-87. Head Labor Institute for Economic Research, Finland, 1970-1972.
Head department national economy Minister Finance, 1973-1974. National conciliator Income Distribution Policy, 1973-1974. Director Bank of Finland, Helsinki, Finland, 1974-1982, board management Finland, 1982-1987.
Chairman, Chief Executive Officer Postipankki Ltd., Finland, 1988-1995. Retired, 1995
Board director Banque Indosuez Sverige, Stockholm, 1988-1995. Supervisory board Helsinki Stock Exchange Cooperative, 1988-1995, Sampo Insurance company, Helsinki, 1985-1995, PT Finland Ltd., Helsinki, 1994-1995.
Chairman board director Invest in Finland Bureau, since 2001. Member Finnish Bankers Association (vice chairman 1992-1995, board director 1992-1995).
Married Anneli Mirjami Johanson, January 12, 1958. Children: Sari, Salla, Minna, Riia.